The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted by the United Nations in 2000, having fallen short of achieving sufficient poverty reduction in developing nations, were replaced in 2015 by Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Meanwhile, we still lack adequate knowledge regarding effective institutions and policies for sustainable reduction of absolute poverty in developing nations. In this background, this research will make use of original data gathered in the earlier projects at Hitotsubashi and the tools of microeconomics/microeconometrics in attempting to precisely measure the impact of institutions and policies on poverty reduction. Based on that empirical evidence, policies and supporting institutions for effective development will be proposed.

Project Leader
Takashi Kurosaki
Professor at Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Project Members

Prof. Kazuhiro Obayashi Graduate School of Law, Hitotsubashi University
Prof. Yukichi Mano Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University
Associate Prof. Mari Tanaka Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University
Associate Prof. Takeshi Aida Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University
Associate Prof. Yusuke Kuroishi Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University
Specially Appointed Assistant Prof. Hamza Umer Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University
JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow Deepak Johnson Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Research Collaborators

Senior Associate Prof. Katsuo Kogure Center for Cultural Research and Studies, The University of Aizu
Associate Prof. Yuichi Kubota Department of Political Science and Economics, Nihon University
Associate Prof. Hirotaka Ohmura Faulty of Economics, Shiga University
Associate Prof. Yuko Mori Department of International and Cultural Studies, Tsuda University
Assistant Prof. Saumik Paul Newcastle University
Associate Prof. Kazuya Masuda Department of Economics, Gakushuin University
Assistant Prof. Jun Goto National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)
Researcher Guenwoo Lee Social Science Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS)
Consultant Yutaka Arimoto EY Strategy and Consulting Co., Ltd.
Associate Prof. Hisaki Kono Graduate School of Economics, Kyoto University

Goals and Expected Outcome in FY2023

The project will be implemented under two broad themes of “Impact of economic institutions and policies on poverty reduction” and “Interaction of economic development and political factors such as conflicts, civil war, and elections”. First, primary data collected under the project from India, Pakistan, Madagascar, Philippines, etc. will be analyzed in a quantitative way and the results will be compiled in working papers. Second, previous working papers will be submitted to refereed journals after further revisions. Third, policy implications from research findings will be prepared as policy briefs or policy proposals. Fourth, research findings out of journal papers will be reorganized into books targeted at general readers.

Research Outcome・Events・Papers

Refer to the Japanese page